hello everybody this is Stan Blackburn and we’re talking tonight about or today depending on when we’re watching and listening this to this about process analysis essay writing so this slide depicts a worker on top of a scaffold and as we see the scaffold isn’t complete the workers connecting pieces thinking about the creation putting together the pieces to make everything fit that in essence is how this essay will form so let’s think about process analysis a process essay explains how to do something or how something occurs and an obvious example of this is writing the recipe so things we should consider when we write process analysis is how is it done what are the steps can they be broken down how are they broken down which leads us to the next question how does it happen so if you think about that and we consider it as we put together this essay we will be on our way to process analysis right we need to use chronological order chronological order is very important because in process analysis we need to know the steps that we should use in order to complete the task so chronological is key clear steps are also key clarity is extremely important when writing process analysis and you know we we want to make sure that when we write that were being clear and we also don’t want to forget that transitions in writing clear chronological steps are important so we’ll take a closer look at transitions further in this presentation so there are two kinds of process analysis we have what’s called the directional process analysis and then we also have the explanatory directional so we all need to know directions you know I love the example of that wonderful TV show home improvement where you know Tim the main character and protagonist would always get himself in a bind because he would try to put something together without using the directions and usually it ended up in a catastrophe so directional process is very important whenever I think of directional process I like to call to mind those great and helpful Home Depot books if you’ve ever seen them and Homer is the character that they use to explain projects in and out of the house I’m a project kind of guy and although I don’t really have much talent in the area of home improvement I like to think that I can do the basics and I do like to follow directions because I tend to get lost and my wife will tell you that I get lost in my own neighborhood but you know that’s another story and a tangent so let’s think about directions when we think about directional process directions enable readers to perform a process a recipe a handout and operating manual are all examples of directional and instructional type writing the subject of sentences in directional is usually U which is the odd and oddly no less often used second person point of view it’s you understood and it’s speaking directly to the reader that’s usually what we use in directional process the second is explanatory and as we see here with Albert Einstein at the great chalkboard you know he is explaining e equals mc-squared it’s an explanatory is something that you’re interested in something that you would like to learn about but however not necessarily something you actually want to perform it’s not a step by step as the directional is so we want to make sure that when we’re writing explanatory we keep that in mind with explanatory process your purpose can be to explain how something works usually the first or third person in this case not normally the you second person we see in the directional verb tense in explanatory process writing maybe in present or past depending on how whether the writer is explaining a process that takes place regularly or one that occurred in the past we need to have a plan whether we’re writing either one of the two kinds we need to have a plan for directional and we need to have a plan for explanatory our plan explains reasons for performing steps describes unfamiliar materials or equipment defines terms jargon lingo warns readers of possible problems they may encounter we want to avoid ambiguity or surprises avoid unnecessary shifts intense person voice and mood a plan is key and we want to make sure that our audience is kept in mind we want to keep the reader in mind we should always have a clear purpose and our plan should have logic it should make sense ah the great and delicious sandwich sandwich always reminds me of structure sandwiches that are really well made are structured in a way that we can all understand in a way that we can all enjoy so I’m going to use this sandwich analogy and structuring your essay when structuring an essay keep in mind a delicious sandwich as we see here it’s appealing appetizing and designed to be enjoyed top bread functions as the introduction the toppings meats cheeses all those things in the middle are the content and the bottom bread is the conclusion notice how the intro and conclusion tie all that great delicious meat condiments and toppings together unify it make it all meld into one delicious meal to be all parts worked to support the same purpose complementing each other to convey the same experience so let’s talk about the introduction which is the first part of our essay the introduction should identify the process and indicate why and under what circumstances it is to be performed it should include a thesis statement which is our focus statement that presents your topic and purpose and we’ve learned about the implied and direct thesis this would be a direct thesis the introduction also introduces whatever materials are preliminary steps may be needed you should have that in your introduction as well you should hook your reader into what you have to say maybe even give a story that sort of lays context for the process that you’re going to explain pause here to show the video on writing thesis statements ah the meet the great deli tray cheese’s beef chicken pork all those great things that make up the nutritionally sound center of the sandwich or what we look at analogously when we create the meat of our essay right the meat is the body presents one major stage of the process in each body paragraph each stage may involve several steps to provide relevant details and examples for each step the meat is the body and the body should again reflect on the introduction because your introduction as your thesis and basically what the body of the essay does is it fills out it provides muscles so to speak for the skeleton it ties directly into the thesis and each topic sentence of each body paragraph should directly tie to an idea introduced in your thesis transitions ah the glue tying together the relevant ideas and information in your essay use transitions to establish sequence chronology relationships between steps in the process transitions moreover are especially important in process writing they give movement flow to your ideas connecting essential thoughts and processes the key here is connection now things that are disconnected are difficult to follow and understand so we want to make sure that we transition and not only transition with words between sentences but also in paragraphs that we transition ideas linking sentences in the end of the paragraph sometimes help bond to the next paragraph and lead the reader into the next idea to come pause here for the transition video conclusion ah the end so conclusions are similar in a sense to the introduction what an introduction does and we bring in the ideas that we’re talking about we lay out the groundwork on our thesis but the introduction nor does is clearly lays the groundwork for the body the conclusion reflects back it restates the thesis
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